English Phonetic Chart

Consonants (Pulmonic)

Bilabial Labio
dental
Inter
dental
Alveolar Post
alveolar
Palatal Velar Glottal
Stop p b t d k g ʔ
Aspirated Stop ph th kh
Fricative f v θ ð s z ʃ ʒ h
Affricate
Tap ɾ
Nasal m n ŋ
Approximant w ɹ j
Lateral Approximant l

Where columns are divided into pairs, the symbol to the right represents a voiced consonant.
Shaded areas indicate articulations judged impossible. Some particularly important or frequent non-phonemic sounds are included in this chart. A non-phonemic sound is indicated with a grayed-out symbol.

Vowels

Front
Central
Back
Close
Close-mid
Open-mid
Open
i  
  u
ɪ  
ʊ
e  
    ɚ
  o
ə
ɛ  
ʌ ɔ
æ
ɑ ɒ
Dipthong Vowels:  ɑi   ɑu   ɔi  

Where symbols appear in paired boxes, the one to the right represents a rounded vowel.